Kidney stones will always be a common problem for the average person, and the consequences that bring these, such as colic, are more than painful and uncomfortable to experience. Even those who have already had colic are prone to re-form kidney stones.
However, there are certain measures that can reduce risk and lead a healthier life. Know a set of remedies and options that you should take into account if you want to keep your kidneys healthy and free of those annoying calculations.
7 Remedies to prevent renal colic
What are kidney stones?
Before starting with home remedies, it is appropriate to explain a bit what it is to avoid with each of these. Kidney stones are accumulations of waste stored in the kidneys in the form of stones, solid and fairly hard materials; which is why most of the time the body cannot get rid of them naturally.
There are four main types within the stone classification, but about 80% of the stone stones are calcium oxalate. Less recurrent forms include struvite, uric acid, and cysteine; although the most important thing beyond the type is the size they charge. The larger a kidney stone is, the more it obstructs the passage of the urinary system, reaching a point that can completely block it, ruining its functions.
Among the various symptoms that can cause kidney stones are vomiting or bleeding; but the most remarkable is the intense and acute pain that these cause.
The most basic advice to avoid cramps and stones is to maintain a constant hydration, and preferably based on clean, pure water.
The water is very important fills the urinary system and progressively causes the stones formed in the kidneys to lose size and composition, preventing them from crystallizing completely and becoming a problem of greater proportions. In turn, water has shown over time to be the best liquid to take into account to avoid the formation of stones, compared with other variables to choose.
In spite of everything, drinks such as tea, orange juice, beer, wine or coffee have also proved effective in preventing the formation of stones. What is an exception are drinks such as soft drinks, which, in contrast to those mentioned, may increase the probability of forming more stones in your kidneys.
Get enough calcium
It is a common mistake today to consider that the consumption of calcium is completely linked to the formation of kidney stones. But on the contrary, that is not the case; In fact it has been shown that a diet rich in calcium intake is linked to a much lower risk in terms of the formation of kidney stones.
A diet based on the consumption of calcium makes it tend to join with the oxalate we consume daily, preventing its absorption, and therefore is an effective and natural way to avoid the accumulation of oxalate without having to resort at once to medicines and the rest.
For a diet rich in calcium, the following proportions must be taken into account.
- For most adults, the recommended daily intake (RDA) of calcium is 1,000 mg per day.
- The RDI is 1,200 mg per day for women over 50 and all over 70 years.
The best sources of calcium are simple, daily products, such as milk, cheese or yogurt.
Low salt intake
A diet high in salts is proportionally direct to an increased risk of kidney stones, since excessive consumption of sodium (common component of salt) can increase the expulsion of calcium through urine, the main cause of kidney stones.
Even so, young men and women are less prone to suffer from this condition due to salt intake, but there is still a slight increase in risk. Therefore, it is advisable, regardless of age, to lower the consumption of sodium by salt.
This can be achieved by avoiding those foods processed or packaged with preservatives which generally bring high amounts of sodium.
Increase your magnesium intake.
Magnesium is a very important mineral that many people do not take into account, or simply do not consume enough. You are involved in endless metabolic reactions in your body, including the production of energy and muscle movements, as well as some evidence that this component can help prevent kidney stones composed of oxalate.
Exactly why the reduction is not known, because it is suggested that it is because it increases absorption by the intestines, but what matters is that it works and that the daily intake should be located by 400 mg . This intake can be easily composed of foods such as avocado, legumes and tofu, representing the most accessible and productive sources for your body.
Increase your consumption of citric acid
Citric acid is an organic acid found in many fruits and vegetables, particularly citrus fruits. Lemons and limes are especially rich in this plant compound, and can prevent kidney stones in two ways:
- Preventing the formation of stones: can join with calcium in the urine, avoiding the risk of the formation of new stones.
- Preventing the increase in the size of the stones: can join with existing oxalate stones, preventing them from increasing in size, and even making them pass through the urinary system before they are large enough.
An easy way to consume more citric acid is to eat more citrus fruits such as grapefruit, oranges, lemons or limes. You can also add a little lemon to the glasses of water you consume.
Limit food intake high in oxalates
The so-called oxalate is an anti-nutrient found in various plant foods, including green leafy vegetables, fruits, vegetables and cocoa. Even so, the body itself produces a certain amount of this compound, regardless of whether you consume foods that have it or not.
The problem with oxalate is that the consumption of this compound tends to be quite healthy, and at the same time can be responsible for the formation of kidney stones. So the solution is neither to minimize consumption nor increase it further; the best thing you can do is seek professional help with a doctor, and see how you should adjust your diet in terms of oxalate and its consumption.
How to avoid the formation of kidney stones
Eat less animal protein
A diet rich in animal protein sources, such as meat, fish and dairy products, is associated with an increased risk of renal colic because it can increase calcium excretion and decrease citrate levels. In turn, as the animal protein is rich in purines, it represents a notable problem because when the purines are decomposed they end up being uric acid and increase the risk of stone formation of the same compound.
All food, however, contains purines, only in different amounts. The ideal in this aspect would be to look for a diet that is kept in the balance of foods of animal and vegetable origin, since the benefits of the consumption of the meat cannot be ignored, but neither should the consumption of the same be abused for the reasons mentioned.